Thoth is the Egyptian god of writing. His ability to document and shape reality with his
words was so powerful that his own writing brought him into existence. Most Egyptian deities
have parents or siblings, however Thoth remains unique in that he was not fathered by any
other god.

 
 

Thoth had a variety of roles to fulfill in Egyptian society. His original role was as the
librarian of the gods. It was thought that Thoth played a role in every piece of writing. He
was responsible for books and music alike. He also wrote for the gods to document individuals
and their punishments. Aside from pronouncing judgment, Thoth attempted to help other gods who
had admirable intentions.

 
 

Thoth was a god that sought to create balance within the world of the mortals and gods.
He was depicted as a helpful being that would aid those in need. One day Thoth had decided to
solve the problem of Nut, goddess of the sky. She came to him and said that she was unable to
give birth on any day of the calendar. Thoth decided to make a wager with Khonsu, god of the
moon, to take some of the moon’s light. He bet Khonsu for a small fraction of his light from
each of the 360 days. The moon god accepted, as it was such a small amount of light for him to
give up. The amount proposed by Thoth equated to 0.013888889 of his light from one day. Thoth
won in this game of dice against Khonsu, and changed the current calendar. The amount of light
Thoth had won amounted to 5 days a year, which gave Nut five days on which she could give
birth to her five children: Horus, Set, Osiris, Nepththys, and Isis. Thoth was later credited
for creating a more accurate calendar that included 365 days by his followers.

 
 

Thoth, who represented a moon, was also considered to be a deity of magic. The cycles of
the moon were dates of ancient rituals that would be performed. His representative animal, the
ibis, was thought to have been attributed to him due to the crescent moon shape of its beak.
Thoth, in the role of the librarian, took the writing goddess Seshat as his wife. Egyptians
believed that Thoth knew secrets that no other being was aware of. Myths told of a sacred book
that Thoth wrote that contained all of his secrets. The book would have the ability to make
the reader a powerful sorcerer. However, the book was cursed to cause ill to overcome those
who had read it.

 
 

Another position of Thoth was to record the lives and activities of people upon death. He
would sit in the judgment hall of Ma’at, goddess of truth and justice, to help determine who
was worthy in the afterlife. In this position he became the husband of Ma’at. In Egyptian
culture Thoth was a widely known god that held great importance in their lives. He brought
humans the ability to write and created the alphabet. Thoth created many important aspects of
their culture through mathematics, writing, philosophy, science, medicine, government and
religion. Thoth was the voice of the gods and brought life to words and magic through his
wisdom.